VK30.01 (H) (Panzerkampfwagen VI)

VK30.01 (H) (Panzerkampfwagen VI)

VK30.01 (H) (Panzerkampfwagen VI)

O VK 30.01 (H) Panzerkampfwagen VI foi um estágio inicial no desenvolvimento do tanque Tiger, e o primeiro a usar rodas de estrada intercaladas.

Henschell começou a trabalhar em um tanque pesado no início de 1937, quando foi solicitado a produzir o chassi de um tanque de 30 toneladas a ser armado com o mesmo canhão KwK L / 24 de 7,5 cm do Panzer IV. Dois protótipos foram produzidos durante 1938 - o Durchbruchswagen 1 e o Durchbruchswagen 2 (tanques de descoberta) e mesmo neste estágio inicial o layout básico do Tiger era aparente. O D.W. o chassi passou por testes durante 1938 e, em 9 de setembro de 1938, Henschel foi encarregado de produzir um tanque aprimorado de 30 toneladas. Este novo design teve três nomes diferentes. O VK 30.01 indicou que era o primeiro projeto na categoria de tanques de 30 toneladas. Também era conhecido como D.W. neue Knostruktion (novo design), e em 31 de outubro de 1940 como Panzerkampfwagen VI (7,5 cm).

O layout básico do tanque era semelhante ao D.W.1 e D.W.2 anteriores. Tinha um casco quadrado, com uma superestrutura da mesma largura do casco (não se sobrepondo, portanto, ao topo dos trilhos). A frente da superestrutura estava sobre a roda dianteira. As esteiras não lubrificadas tinham 520 mm de largura e um passo de 160 mm (mais curto do que em qualquer um dos modelos D.W.).

O VK 30.01 deveria ser armado com o mesmo canhão Kw.K L / 24 de 7,5 cm usado no Panzer IV, e deveria ter o mesmo espaço de tripulação do tanque mais leve. A principal diferença estaria na armadura. O VK 30.01 deveria ter blindagem frontal e lateral de 50 mm, o que se esperava que fosse eficaz contra projéteis perfurantes de blindagem sem tampa, disparados pelo canhão antitanque alemão padrão da época, o PaK L / 45 de 3,7 cm. Krupp teve a tarefa de produzir a torre, assim como no D.W. Series. Os lados do D.W. tinha sido feito em duas peças, unidas logo atrás do compartimento de luta. O VK 30.01 tinha lados de uma única peça.

O VK 30.01 introduziu as rodas de estrada intercaladas usadas no Tiger. Havia sete pares de rodas de cada lado, com a segunda, a quarta e a sexta na parte externa e a primeira, a terceira, a quinta e a sétima na parte interna. Isso resultou em quatro filas de rodas estreitas (de fora para dentro em um arranjo três-quatro-quatro-três. Esse arranjo permitia que mais rodas caíssem no mesmo espaço do que um sistema não sobreposto e, assim, ajudava a suportar o aumento de peso do tanque. No entanto, este sistema também provaria ser um dos pontos fracos do Tiger, já que os vãos estreitos entre as rodas da estrada poderiam facilmente entupir com neve e lama e congelar, enquanto qualquer dano a uma roda interna exigia todos das filas de rodas externas a serem removidas e substituídas, um trabalho demorado. A suspensão era fornecida por barras de torção simples. Havia três rolos de retorno, montados na parte superior do casco.

O VK 30.01 era movido por um motor Maybach HL 116 de 300cv que acionava uma caixa de câmbio Maybach-Motorenwerk Variorex.

O VK 30.01 usava uma nova caixa de direção Henschel L.320 C que usava uma direção de diferencial duplo epicicloidal. Este tinha três velocidades de direção e tirava tanto a direção (para as rodas solares) quanto a direção principal (para o anel) da saída da caixa de câmbio principal. Deu ao tanque três raios de giro. Este foi o precursor das transmissões L.600 C e L.801 usadas no Tiger, mas eram sistemas mais flexíveis, que tiravam a direção da entrada das marchas principais e a potência principal da saída, produzindo dezesseis possíveis círculos de viragem (duas velocidades de direção vezes oito velocidades).

Krupp havia produzido um exemplo do D.W. torre, embora nunca tenha sido montada em nenhum dos protótipos. Eles redesenharam a torre para o VK 30.01 e o VK 65.01, mais pesado. As duas torres deveriam ser idênticas, exceto pela espessura da blindagem lateral - 50 mm no VK 30.01 e 80 mm no VK 65.01. A torre deveria carregar o canhão de 7,5 cm, uma metralhadora coaxial, e ter uma porta de canhão para uma segunda metralhadora de tiro traseiro.

No final de 1939, Krupp recebeu uma ordem para construir quatro cascos - um baseado no D.W. layout, como o VK 3001 alte Konstrucktion para uso em testes de penetração de blindagem, e três cascos VK 30.01 neue Konsturktion (novo design) com superestruturas blindadas, para testes de direção. No momento em que o casco do alvo foi concluído em setembro de 1940, ele foi modificado para o novo padrão e foi usado para testar a blindagem contra fogo antitanque de 3,7 cm. Os três novos cascos de design foram concluídos em 1940.

Em janeiro de 1940, a Krupp recebeu contratos separados para produzir oito cascos blindados (a serem entregues entre julho e outubro de 1941) e oito torres operacionais (a serem entregues entre outubro de 1941 e janeiro de 1942). Isso daria a Henschel tempo para concluir o trabalho nos cascos e, em seguida, instalar as torres.

O primeiro casco foi entregue a Henschel em 8 de agosto de 1941 e a blindagem para as duas primeiras torres em 27 de setembro de 1941. O último casco foi enviado em 30 de novembro de 1941 e a última torre em 21 de janeiro de 1942. Porém, a esta altura, o número de tanques a ser concluída com urgência havia sido reduzida de oito para quatro (duas em março de 1942 e duas em abril de 1942). Os outros quatro não foram cancelados, mas a construção foi suspensa. Isso provou ser um pouco otimista. Henschel entregou dois em março e dois em outubro, e as quatro torres foram concluídas em setembro de 1942.

No final de 1941, estava claro que o VK 30.01 estaria mal armado. Uma série de sugestões foram feitas para melhorar seu poder de fogo. Em outubro de 1941, Krupp foi questionado se o KwK L / 34.5 de 7,5 cm mais comprido caberia. A resposta deles foi que seriam necessárias muitas modificações, mas o 5cm KwK L./50 ou L / 60 poderia ser instalado. Em dezembro, Krupp foi questionado se o 7,5cm KwK 44 l / 43 sendo produzido para o Panzer IV poderia ser instalado nas oito torres VK 30.01, mas novamente a resposta foi negativa. Em 30 de janeiro de 1942, qualquer tentativa de levantar o braço do VK 30.01 foi abandonada.

O VK 30.01 estava sendo desenvolvido junto com o mais pesado VK 36.01. Krupp vinha trabalhando em torres mais pesadas desde o verão de 1939, e Henschel recebeu uma ordem para modificar o D.W. chassis para transportar as torres mais pesadas em meados de 1940, com a designação D.W. (VK 36.01). Eles foram, portanto, desenvolvimentos paralelos por algum tempo, antes que o maior VK 36.01 se tornasse a principal prioridade. Este projeto posteriormente evoluiu para o VK 45.01, o Panzer VI Tiger, depois que a arma selecionada para o VK 36.01 foi abandonada devido à sua dependência de materiais escassos. Os cascos VK 30.01 existentes foram amplamente usados ​​como veículos de ensaio e teste e em escolas de treinamento de motoristas de tanques. Um foi recuperado intacto e em ordem no campo de testes de Henschel após o fim da guerra.

Seis das torres VK 30.01 acabaram sendo usadas em fortificações permanentes. Eles estavam armados com o canhão KwK L / 24 de 7,5 cm e uma metralhadora M.G.34. Eles estavam sendo modificados para uso em fevereiro de 1944 e estavam prontos para serem instalados em maio de 1944, e todos foram instalados na Parede do Atlântico ou na Parede Oeste.

Nomes
VK3001 (H)
Panzerhampfwagen VI

Estatísticas
Produção: 4 chassis março-outubro 1941
Comprimento do casco: 5,81 m
Largura do casco: 3,16 m
Altura: 1,85 m
Tripulação: 5
Peso: 32 toneladas
Motor: Maybach HL116
Velocidade máxima: 25km / hr
Intervalo máximo:
Armamento: Um canhão principal KwK L / 24 de 7,5 cm ou um canhão principal KwK L / 28 de 10,5 cm, duas metralhadoras MG 34 de 7,92 mm
Armaduras:

Armaduras

Armaduras

Frente

Lado

Traseira

Superior / Inferior

Torre

50mm

30mm

Superestrutura

50mm

30mm

50mm

25mm

casco

50mm

30mm

50mm

20mm superior
35mm inferior

Mantelete de arma


Em 1939, o Exército Alemão expressou a necessidade de um tanque de descoberta pesado de 30 toneladas. [1] Embora este peso seja menor do que muitos tanques de produção da Segunda Guerra Mundial, na época ele era considerado um tanque mais pesado. Projetos para atender a demanda foram designados VK 30.xx (X) [a] e foram desenvolvidos em vários graus por quatro empresas diferentes: Porsche, Henschel & amp Son, MAN e Daimler Benz. A versão Porsche foi então chamada de VK 30.01 (P). [1] [3] e o design de Henschel era o VK 30.01 (H).

Os requisitos para o novo desenvolvimento de um Schwerer Panzerkampfwagen de 30 toneladas incluíam a capacidade de montar pelo menos o canhão principal KwK L / 24 de 7,5 cm com o desejo de caber no KwK L / 28 de 10,5 cm, se possível. [1] [2] [3] Mais tarde, em 1941, o Exército Alemão encontrou - inesperadamente - veículos inimigos fortemente blindados, como o Soviético T-34 e o KV-1. Em seguida, foram feitos planos para montar o KwK L / 56 de 8,8 cm mais eficaz. [2]

A Krupp foi contratada diretamente pela Porsche para produzir a torre para abrigar o KwK L / 56 de 8,8 cm e as duas equipes trabalharam juntas para desenvolvê-la para o chassi VK 30.01 (P). Um desenho totalmente desenvolvido com a torre Krupp foi concluído, datado de 5 de março de 1941. [2] A torre Krupp seria usada tanto no Porsche quanto no Henschel Tiger.

Incomum para tanques na época, a Porsche escolheu um motor a gasolina-elétrico. [1] [2] As rodas dentadas de acionamento dianteiras das esteiras eram acionadas por dois motores elétricos montados à frente no casco. Dois motores a gasolina V-10 refrigerados a ar, montados na parte traseira do veículo, foram conectados a um gerador para produzir eletricidade. A eletricidade gerada foi então usada para alimentar os motores. [2] Cada motor produzia 210 PS a 2500 RPM, um total de 420 PS estava, portanto, disponível para acionar os geradores. [2]


VK 30.01 (H)

Por causa de sua armadura de casco fraca e geralmente não inclinada, este tanque deve ser jogado como um franco-atirador, de preferência com o casco para baixo. O estilo de jogo pode ser comparado ao Tiger, VK 30.02 (M) ou Panther, e este tanque irá prepará-lo para futuros tanques alemães. Além do obus, não há realmente nenhuma razão para usar qualquer coisa a não ser o Waffe, já que ele supera todas as outras armas. Desbloquear todos eles no Tier V, no entanto, tornará os futuros grinds na linha alemã muito mais fáceis.

Devido à terrível armadura do casco e ao motor de fácil acerto, é essencial que você aprenda a lutar contra o casco ou a escarpa lateral o máximo possível. Esses truques são essenciais em toda a linha pesada alemã e, na verdade, em qualquer tanque pesado do jogo.

Para jogadores que preferem combate a curta distância, a arma de 10,5cm é uma boa opção com seu alto dano por projétil, no entanto, você terá que lidar com os contras deste veículo para usar esta arma de forma eficaz. Esta arma pode ser usada com bons resultados em ambientes urbanos com alcance limitado. Lembre-se de apontar para os pontos fracos e tentar ter algum suporte ao recarregar. Se você usar o obus, NÃO ACESSE A MUNIÇÃO AP! É uma perda de tempo e dinheiro por causa do valor de penetração normalmente muito baixo e não causará danos em um salto, ao passo que o HE causará danos mesmo sem penetração.

Informação Histórica

VK 30.01 (H) é um desenvolvimento adicional do conceito Durchbruchswagen. Os veículos DW (DW1 e DW2) foram - como seu nome sugere em alemão - tentativas de criar um tanque de descoberta (em outras palavras, essencialmente um tanque pesado). Em 9 de setembro de 1938, decidiu-se continuar com o desenvolvimento da categoria DW 30 ton. Em 1º de janeiro de 1939, Krupp decidiu que o novo veículo deveria ser equipado com um canhão 75mm L / 24, a tripulação deveria ser igual à do Panzer IV e o tanque deveria ter blindagem de 50mm ao redor. Em 31 de janeiro de 1939, este novo programa de veículo foi renomeado para Panzerkampfwagen VI (7,5 cm), mas a nova designação experimental para ele era VK 30.01 (veículo experimental / rastreado, 30 toneladas, primeiro protótipo). Ao mesmo tempo, os antigos projetos DW foram renomeados para VK 30.01 (Alte Konstruktion), enquanto o novo VK 30.01 foi referido como “Neue Konstruktion” (novo design).

Em termos de design, era um tanque alemão clássico, com suspensão Henschel típica que eventualmente evoluiria para a suspensão Tiger via VK 36.01. As rodas da estrada tinham suspensão com barra de torção.

3 protótipos foram encomendados. Os cascos foram feitos pela Krupp em Essen e entregues a Henschel em Kassel para montagem final em 1940. Torres também foram encomendadas e a Krupp deveria entregá-las em 1940. No entanto, elas vieram depois e provavelmente nunca foram instaladas em qualquer máquina protótipo. Em vez disso, os três protótipos tinham um cubo de concreto instalado em vez da torre para simular o peso da torre. Os veículos estavam equipados com motores Maybach HL116 de 300cv e a velocidade máxima em estrada era de 35km / h.

Em 25 de maio de 1941, o primeiro pedido de 8 tanques da série 0 VK 30.01 (H) foi assinado. Entre outubro de 1941 e janeiro de 1942, Henschel também recebeu as 8 torres da Krupp que deveriam ser montadas nos veículos da série 0. O primeiro casco da série 0 foi entregue em 8 de agosto de 1941 e, em 15 de novembro de 1941, o primeiro VK 30.01 (H) da série 0 (com torre montada) foi testado no Sennelager. No entanto, este primeiro VK 30.01 (H) da série 0 não estava concluído (faltavam alguns componentes) e foi enviado de volta para Henschel. O último casco foi entregue em 10 de novembro de 1941 e a última torre em 21 de janeiro de 1942. Maybach também construiu 18 motores no total para o VK 30.01 entre 1941 e 1943.

Em 30 de janeiro de 1942, com base nos testes preliminares (que não mostraram o veículo em uma luz muito positiva), decidiu-se reduzir a quantidade de tanques da série 0 em construção para apenas 4 veículos, que foram construídos em março. (2 veículos) e outubro de 1942 (mais 2). Esses tanques foram enviados para unidades de treinamento e foram usados ​​para o treinamento da tripulação.

O armamento (que ainda era 75 mm L / 24, bastante insuficiente para o campo de batalha de 1942) também foi discutido - Krupp propôs em 7 de outubro de 1941 as seguintes opções para o Waffenprüfamt 6:

- 75 mm KwK L / 34,6 (versão alongada de L / 24) - 50 mm KwK L / 50 - 50 mm KwK L / 60 - 75 mm Waffe 0725 (que os jogadores de WoT conhecerão como Konisch de 75 mm em VK 36.01, mas foi mostrado mais tarde que não foi possível instalar).

O WaPA 6 respondeu no sentido de que gostariam que o KwK 40 L / 43 de 75 mm fosse instalado. Krupp respondeu que, para fazer isso, ou a arma teria que ser modificada ou a torre teria que ser maior. Em janeiro de 1942, o projeto de rearmamento foi descartado.

Dois cascos foram posteriormente usados ​​para construir os dois caça-tanques de 128 mm “12,8 cm Kanone 40 L / 61 auf VK 30.01 (H)”, conhecidos como “Sturer Emil”. Torres adicionais que já eram fabricadas antes da redução do projeto da série 0 VK 30.01 (H) foram usadas para posições fixas na França (a Muralha do Atlântico).

As demais máquinas foram utilizadas no treinamento da tripulação e testes de diversos equipamentos até o final da guerra, quando foram sucateados.


VK 30.01 (H)

Po úvodných testoch tankov Durchbruchswagen I a Durchbruchswagen II bolo 9.9.1938 rozhodnuté o pokračovaní ďalšieho vývoja tanku hmotnostnej kategórie 30 ton. Na porade vo firme Krupp bolo 19.1.1939 stanovené, že nová konštrukcia mala byť vyzbrojená 7,5 cm kanónom Kw.K. L / 24, zloženie a rozmiestnenie posádky tanku malo byť rovnaké ako v Pz.Kpfw. IV a stroj malo chrániť pancierovanie hrubé v čelných, bočných a zadných partiách až 50 mm. Oficiálne označenie stroja k 31.1.1940 bolo Panzerkampfwagen VI (7,5cm) a nové dizajnérske kódové označenie VK 30.01. Staré projekty Durchbruchswagenov sa označovali ako VK 30.01 alte Konstruktion, nový projekt sa označoval ako VK 30.01 neue Konstruktion.
Konštrukčne sa jednalo ou klasickú konštrukciu vtedajšej doby. Stroj sa vyznačoval hranatými tvarmi, podvozok tvorilo sedem zdvojených pojazdových kolies na každej strane, doplnených okrem hnacieho a napínacieho kolesa ešte i troma podporný. Pojazdové kolesá boli odpružené torznými tyčami.

Objednané boli tri prototypy, ktoré mali byť vyrobené z pancierovanej ocele. Korby boli vyrobené firmou Krupp v Essene a dodané ku kompletizácii firme Henschel v Kasseli v roku 1940 (1. korba - 15.3.1940, 2. korba - 15.4.1940, 3. korba - 15.5.1940). Veže boli objednané vo firme Krupp, ktorá ich mala dodať v roku 1940. Neexistujú doklady o tom, že bola postavená veža pre prototypové stroje. Prototipia, ktoré sa testovali až do konca vojny nemali veže, zväčša ich nahrádzala betónová záťaž simulujúca hmotnosť veže.
29.1.1940 bola podpísaná objednávka veží pre osem strojov 0.série (Fgst.Nr. 150411-150418). Firme Henschel boli veže dodané medzi 10/1941 - 1/1942, kde mali byť namontované na podvozky. Korby mala dodávať firma Krupp. Prvú korbu z ôsmych (Wanne no. 150411) firma dodala ku kompletácii firme Henschel 8.8.1941. 15.11.1941 bol prvý VK 30.01 0.série s vežou testovaný v Sennelager. Následne bol koncom mesiaca odoslaný k dokončeniu (doplnenie chýbajúcich komponentov). Firma Krupp dodala poslednú korbu 30.11.1941 a poslednú vežu 21.1.1942. Firma Maybach-Motorenwerk z Friedrichshafen vyrobila pre tento typ v rokoch 1940-43 celkovo 18 motorov.
30.1.1942 bolo rozhodnuté o zredukovaní počtu postavených strojov. Bolo rozhodnuté, že sa dokončia len štyri tanky 0.série. Zvyšná produkcia bola zrušená. Dokončené stroje s vežami (2 ks v 3/1942 a 2 ks v 10/1942) boli následne odoslané k cvičným jednotkám, kde poslúžili k výcviku nových tankových posádok. Z hlásenia firmy Krupp, ktorá dokončovala veže vyplýva, že vo fiškálnom roku 1942 dodala štyri veže. Ďalšie veže pravdepodobne dokončila v nasledujúcom období.
7.10.1941 firma Krupp navrhla WaPrüf 6 montáž nejakej výkonnejšej kanónovej výzbroje. Zvažovali sa, kanón Kw.K L / 34,5, 5 cm Kw.K. L / 50 a L / 60, 7,5 cm Waffe 0725. WaPrüf 6 navrhlo montáž Kw.K.40 L / 43. Firma Krupp odpovedala, že montáž je síce možná, ale pre úspešnú lafetáciu por bolo nutné modifikovať buď vežu, alebo samotný kanón. Následne 30.1.1942 bolo prezbrojenie zavrhnuté.

Dve modifikované platformy VK 30.01 poslúžili na prestavbu na stíhač tankov 12,8 cm Kanone 40 L / 61 auf VK 3001 (H) a veže strojov 0.série boli použité ako stále palebné postavenia (Bauform 246 Stand für Pz.Kpfw. Turm VK 30.01) na Atlantickom Vale.
Zvyšné stroje sa používali k ďalším testom, napr. na testovanie radlíc, vyorávačov mín a hĺbičov zákopov až do konca vojny.

Jeden prototyp s namontovaným hĺbičom zákopov a so simulovanou záťažou namiesto veže našli po skončení vojny spojeneckí vojaci v Haustenbeck. Existuje filmový záznam, na ktorom je zachytené testovanie tohoto podvozku.
Zaujímavosťou je, že torzo trupu tohoto tanku sa v roku 1980 našlo na polygóne v Sennelager.


Histórico da revisão do tanque pesado alemão VK 30 01 (H)

Tanque pesado alemão VK 30 01 (H). O pedido do tanque foi emitido em 9 de setembro de 1939. No processo de desenvolvimento, os engenheiros de Henschel usaram ativamente as realizações do projeto DW II. Os dois primeiros protótipos ficaram prontos em março de 1942, e outros dois foram construídos em outubro. Os protótipos foram testados ativamente no local da fábrica, mas sem uma torre e armas. Ao final do teste, os dois chassis foram convertidos em pesados ​​caça-tanques. Seis torres fabricadas pela Krupp foram instaladas na Muralha do Atlântico.

No início de setembro de 1939, Henschel, encomendado por Wa Pruef 6, começou a desenvolver um tanque pesado, denominado VK 30.01 (H), que também tinha o nome alternativo Panzerkampfwagen VI (7,5 cm). O tanque experimental VK 3001 (H), que seguiu os dois primeiros protótipos e foi criado, como eles, sob a direção do chefe de desenvolvimento avançado de Henschel, Erwin Aders, tinha uma blindagem frontal de 60 mm de espessura, usava uma pista de 520 mm de largura e rolos de suporte posicionados escalonados, motor Maybach HL 116 de 6 cilindros com capacidade de 300 cv a 3.000 rpm, permitia que um veículo de combate de 30 toneladas se movesse a uma velocidade de 35 km / h. Na frente, encontravam-se elementos da transmissão, atrás dos quais estavam localizados os controles, bem como o banco do motorista (à esquerda) e o operador do rádio (à direita). O compartimento de luta ocupava toda a parte central do corpo.

Os testes mostraram que o VK 30.01 (H) não é inferior ao Pz.Kpfw.IV em termos de parâmetros táticos e técnicos, o que era bastante conveniente para a Wehrmacht, embora sua velocidade máxima fosse de apenas 35 km / h, e o alcance de cruzeiro não exceder 150 km. Além disso, o protótipo não possuía armas, e em vez da torre foi instalado seu compensador de peso.

Os dados obtidos permitiram fazer um pedido para a fabricação de um lote de 8 chassis. No entanto, em outubro de 1941, quando três deles estavam prontos, Wa Pruef 6 recusou-se a continuar a trabalhar no tanque VK 30.01 (H). O motivo foi a presença de protótipos de tanques pesados ​​VK 36.01 e VK 45.01 (P), que possuíam armamento e proteção blindada mais potentes.

No jogo online World Of Tanks, o tanque pesado alemão está no nível 5. Junto com os colegas de classe você pode jogar, se faltar o suficiente. O corpo é blindado em um círculo da mesma forma e devo dizer que a espessura das placas de blindagem de 50 milímetros parece ridícula tanto pela testa quanto pelos lados, todos serão capazes de romper, até mesmo a técnica de quarto nível.

A projeção frontal da torre também não parece um reduto de confiabilidade, já que o tanque nominalmente pesado VK 30.01 (H) aqui tem apenas 80 milímetros de blindagem. Porém, temos uma máscara grande e levemente arredondada da arma, seu esfolar em alguns pontos chega a 113 milímetros, e nas férias os projéteis que atingem a máscara ricochetearão. É verdade que a técnica de nível 6-7 vai perfurá-lo aqui muito facilmente e as chances de evitar a perda de pontos de força são reduzidas a zero.

Outro momento desagradável em nosso caso são as dimensões do VK 30.01 (H) World of Tanks. O dispositivo está realmente solto, quadrado, o coeficiente de disfarce é fraco e é fácil passar por tal carcaça.


Fora da frigideira e para o fogo

Com o design da Pantera da M.A.N. avançando com a máxima prioridade, Heinrich Kniepkamp assumiu a responsabilidade pessoal pelo desenvolvimento. O projeto recebeu o nome de Panzerkampfwagen V “Panther” e o número Sonderkraftfahrzeug (número de veículo especial) Sd.Kfz.171.

Por volta de 4 de maio, uma semana antes de seu projeto para o VK30 ser escolhido, M.A.N. teve uma reunião final sobre seu projeto, onde os principais detalhes foram revistos. Além do que já foi abordado, nesta reunião foi especificado que:

  • Havia 86 ligações de trilhos de cada lado, e a largura dos trilhos não proibia o transporte ferroviário.
  • A transmissão usava uma transmissão Maybach OLVAR 0640 12 16.
  • O último ponto que vale a pena mencionar, o autor não foi capaz de determinar o significado de, a não ser que se refere à transmissão. “Transmissão do lado da engrenagem reta duplamente engrenada, com rodas dentadas do módulo 9 e 11. O grupo de dentes do meio não precisava ser aterrado, pois não havia contato.”

Nesse ponto, o sistema de direção que seria usado no tanque estava indeciso. Supôs-se que um sistema de direção de freio de embreagem tradicional seria usado inicialmente. O motivo dessa mudança foi que as empresas que estariam envolvidas na fabricação do Panther não possuíam os equipamentos adequados, especificamente as ranhuras, para cortar as engrenagens da transmissão do tipo diferencial controlado. Parte das 29 engrenagens que compunham cada diferencial controlado eram engrenagens “ocas”, ou seja, os dentes ficavam na parte interna da roda, e não na parte externa. Esse tipo de equipamento era significativamente mais difícil de fazer.

A caixa da transmissão seria fundida em aço com uma resistência de 60 kg / mm². Convertido em megapascais, a unidade de pressão mais comum usada para descrever a resistência à tração, é 588 MPa. Compare isso aos aços de alta resistência, que variam na área de 750 a 850 MPa, e à placa de blindagem, que vai acima de 900 MPa. A razão pela qual o aço usado na transmissão era tão fraco, relativamente falando, era para permitir que mais unidades fossem feitas. O fraco trem de força, já impulsionando um tanque várias toneladas mais pesado do que foi projetado, e agora feito de materiais de qualidade inferior, atormentaria o Panther por toda a sua vida útil. Quaisquer orifícios de contração que se formaram na caixa de transmissão a partir do processo de fundição seriam soldados e toda a caixa seria aquecida e resfriada gradualmente, um processo de endurecimento conhecido como recozimento.

Uma conferência foi realizada em 19 de maio de 1942, no Ministério do Reich para Armamentos e Produção de Guerra. Nessa reunião, foi determinado que a maioria das instalações envolvidas na fabricação de peças para o tanque Panther seriam aquelas capturadas na França.

Uma conferência com Hitler foi realizada em 4 de junho de 1942, a respeito do novo tanque Panther. Hitler sentiu que na primavera de 1943, mesmo a blindagem frontal aumentada de 80 mm (3,15 polegadas) não seria suficiente. Ele exigiu que se tentasse aumentar toda a blindagem frontal do tanque para 100 mm (3,94 polegadas) de espessura. No mesmo dia, outra reunião foi realizada (presumivelmente de volta ao Ministério de Armamentos e Produção de Guerra do Reich, se a reunião com Hitler não tivesse acontecido em primeiro lugar) entre representantes das quatro empresas selecionadas para construir o novo tanque M.A.N. de Nürnberg, Daimler-Benz de Berlim, Maschinenfabrik Niedersachsen-Hannover (M.N.H.) de Hannover e Henschel de Kassel. Foi determinado que até 12 de maio de 1943, 250 tanques Panther deveriam estar disponíveis para o combate. Uma maquete do tanque foi exibida no final da reunião.

Em algum ponto durante o desenvolvimento, o mecanismo de direção L 600 C que foi originalmente projetado para o Panther havia sido descartado, em seu lugar estava o Einradienlenkgetriebe (engrenagem de direção de raio único), também chamado de Diferencial Duplo Maybach. Não se sabe se este mecanismo de direção é o mesmo que aquele insistido por M.A.N. isso permitiria um casco dianteiro pontudo, ou se fosse um desenvolvimento totalmente separado. O Einradienlenkgetriebe é um mecanismo de direção totalmente exclusivo do tanque Panther, não tendo sido usado em nenhuma outra máquina antes ou depois. Ele combinava dois tipos de direção de tanque: o diferencial duplo normal e o diferencial controlado. “Raio único” refere-se ao fato de que cada marcha tem seu próprio raio de giro fixo (ao contrário de outros mecanismos de direção, em que o raio de giro é variável dependendo de quanto a entrada de direção é fornecida). Como havia sete marchas para a frente, havia sete raios de viragem diferentes, além da direção neutra.

Um contrato foi concedido à Adler de Frankfurt am Main para entregar 50 transmissões Maybach OLVAR para teste no Panther como uma alternativa ao Zahnradfabrik AK 7/200. Nesta configuração, o tanque seria conhecido como Panther Model B, porém as transmissões OLVAR nunca foram instaladas.

Em uma reunião em 13 de julho de 1942, Paul Wiebicke insistiu que o Einradienlenkgetriebe deve ser usado desde o início em todos os Panteras. Quando confrontado com a possibilidade de este mecanismo de direção totalmente novo e não testado não funcionar, ele sugeriu que 60 sistemas de direção de freio de embreagem deveriam ser construídos para o caso, portanto, eles estariam disponíveis para tanques completos se o Einradienlenkgetriebe não estivesse pronto .

A Panzerkommission se reuniu no dia seguinte, e novamente o mecanismo de direção do Panther foi discutido. Eles chegaram à conclusão de que os primeiros 100 tanques teriam o sistema de direção de freio de embreagem provisório enquanto a produção do Einradienlenkgetriebe estava em andamento. Todos os tanques com direção com freio de embreagem deveriam ser equipados com Einradienlenkgetriebe no final de abril de 1943.

CARA. esperava que os testes do novo mecanismo de direção fossem concluídos em meados de outubro de 1942. Três conjuntos diferentes de engrenagens foram apresentados, sendo as diferenças entre eles o raio de viragem. As três configurações teriam dado raios de giro de 50, 80 e 115 metros (164, 262 e 337 pés) respectivamente, quando na sétima marcha. Por questão de velocidade e simplicidade, decidiu-se testar apenas a engrenagem que daria raios de giro de 80 e 115 metros. Para testar os dois tipos um contra o outro, foi planejado fazer dois conjuntos de engrenagens intercambiáveis ​​para cada uma das primeiras 20 a 30 unidades de direção. Na análise final, foi escolhida a engrenagem com raio de giro de 80 metros.

CARA. havia recebido um contrato para concluir um chassi experimental VK30.02 (M) em agosto de 1942, e um segundo protótipo completo em setembro. Ambos os protótipos foram feitos de aço carbono. A data exata em que esses protótipos foram concluídos é desconhecida, mas as fontes estão divididas para saber se o primeiro foi concluído no final de agosto ou início de setembro, mas o último parece mais provável. A Panther & amp Its Variants afirma que foi entregue no final de setembro.

Em 3 de agosto, a Krupp, que estava no processo de projetar o canhão de assalto Panzerselbstfahrlafette IVd não relacionado com base em seu canhão antiaéreo autopropelido Panzerselbstfahrlafette IVc, foi informado de que o canhão de assalto armado L / 71 de 8,8 cm não mais ser baseado em seu próprio chassi exclusivo, mas no do VK30.02 (M), e deve ser redesenhado de acordo. Isso se tornaria o que é conhecido como Jagdpanther.

Em 4 de agosto, M.A.N. anunciaram que começariam a construção do primeiro protótipo do casco e pediram que os capatazes e os principais operadores das fábricas de Henschel, M.N.H. e Daimler-Benz visitassem M.A.N. em Nürnberg para se familiarizarem com o projeto.

O primeiro protótipo, VK30.02 (M) Chassis Número V1, foi concluído sem uma torre. Em vez disso, tinha um peso em forma de caixa para simular a torre. Esta máquina foi usada para testes de condução no M.A.N. terreno da fábrica em Nürnberg. A suspensão do V1 diferia de todos os outros Panthers porque os amortecedores foram montados no primeiro e no oitavo braços da roda, em oposição ao segundo e ao sexto.


Ilustração de VK30.02 (M) Número do chassi V1 por Andrei Kirushkin

Devido à indisponibilidade de peças e por uma questão de simplicidade, o protótipo foi completado com uma unidade de direção do tipo freio de embreagem. Este era menos eficiente do que o tipo Maybach, produzia maior desgaste nas peças e não permitia que o tanque mantivesse a direção neutra. Além disso, no lugar da engrenagem de redução planetária pretendida, esta máquina foi equipada com uma redução de engrenagem reta de dois estágios do comando final, o resultado final de uma redução do comando final sendo a troca de velocidade por torque. Não está claro qual sistema de direção o protótipo V2 usou.

A única fotografia conhecida do VK30.02 (M) V1 em testes no M.A.N. terreno da fábrica, visto aqui tentando subir um grau bastante impressionante. As evidências da descida do veículo no poço, ou talvez uma tentativa separada de escalar, podem ser vistas do outro lado. Fonte: Panther & amp Its Variants

O segundo protótipo era um tanque completo com torre. VK30.02 (M) O chassi número V2 montou o KwK 42 L / 70 de 7,5 cm com uma quebra inicial de defletor único de 220 mm (8,66 pol.) De diâmetro na torre Rheinmetall-Borsig. Embora semelhante à quebra de focinho usada pelo KwK 40 L / 43 de 7,5 cm no Panzer IV Ausf.F2, não era idêntica. O V2 aparentemente foi atrasado porque a torre Rheinmetall não ficou pronta a tempo. O alojamento da torre foi concluído em 16 de setembro, e a montagem final da torre foi feita na planta de Rheinmetall em Düsseldorf.

A torre usada no VK30.02 (M) V2 foi derivada da torre desenvolvida para o VK45.01 (H2), o tanque Tiger original. Back in May of 1942, it had a maximum width of 2.14 m (7 feet) which tapered to a frontal width of 1.84 m (6 feet). Excluding the cupola it was 770 mm (30.3 inches) tall. By the time the turret was built and mounted, it had grown to 790 mm tall (31.1 inches) and 2.30 m (7’7’’) wide, tapering to 2.104 m (6’11’’) wide. Increasing the height of the turret by 20 mm (0.79 inches) while also keeping the frontal plate sloped at 12° and the rear at 25°, meant that the turret also became 20 mm (0.79 inches) longer. The length would not be changed on production turrets, even when the frontal turret armor was increased to 100 mm (3.94 inches), meaning that the 20 mm of extra space needed was taken from the inside, instead of being expanded outward. Another feature of the prototype turret that would not be changed in the production model was the offsetting of the entire gun mantlet by 40 mm (1.57 inches) to the right of the centerline.

Inside view of the prototype turret mounted on the VK30.02(M) V2. The gunner’s position is to the left of the cannon and the loader’s to the right. The commander’s seat can be seen at the far left of frame. Source: Panzer Tracts 5-1

The most distinctive feature of the Versuchs-Turm (experimental turret) though, was the curved turret sides and bulge stamped into the left side of the turret to accommodate the cupola. The controls for the smoke grenade launchers were placed inside this bulge. The sides of the production turret would be widened to eliminate the cupola bulge the layout of many of the interior components would also be changed.

View of the inside of the Versuchs-Turm from the loader’s position, facing the rear. The controls for the Nebelkerze (smoke dischargers) can be seen in the bulge under the commander’s cupola. The hatch to the left of frame is the main entrance and exit for the turret crew. Source: Panzer Tracts 5-1

When it was completed, the second prototype VK30.02(M) was sent to Kummersdorf proving grounds for official testing. The V1 was registered as IIN-2686 and the V2 as IIN-0687. “IIN” was the prefix for license plates registered to the cities of Nürnberg and Fürth. What is strange about this is that registered German military vehicles usually had a registration number with the prefix “WH” for the Heer (army) or “WL” for the Luftwaffe. Instead, the VK30.02(M) prototypes were registered as civilian vehicles in Nürnberg, the home city of M.A.N.

The hulls of the two Panther prototypes differed slightly from the production model. None of the hull plates were interlocking, as they would be on all Panthers that came after. The hull side plate did not extend past the rear plate at all. Between the 16 mm (0.63 inch) thick bottom of the hull and the 40 mm (1.57 inch) thick rear plate (reverse sloped at 30°) was a small 30 mm (1.18 inch) thick plate reverse sloped at 60°. On production vehicles this piece was eliminated, meaning the belly plate and the rear plate were directly connected to each other. The driver’s periscope was only 432.5 mm (17 inches) to the left of the centerline, on production vehicles it would be moved further out, to about 490 mm (19.3 inches) left of center line. The casting of the armored covers that went over the fans on top of the engine deck included an extension that encompassed the radiator filler cap, this would be eliminated on the production model. The drive sprockets on the prototypes were different to the production type. The dual exhausts shared a single horizontally mounted muffler, with a single exhaust pipe exiting at the center, just behind the engine deck. The roadwheels had 18 rim bolts each as opposed to 16. Finally, at the rear of the engine compartment was a single large fuel tank, the filler cap for this tank was to the left of the center line on top the engine deck.

VK30.02(M) V2 on trials, likely at Kummersdorf. Notice the ball-shaped muzzle break, drive sprocket, and clean-cut side armor plates. Source: Panther External Appearance & Design Changes VK30.02(M) V2 on trials, likely at Kummersdorf. Notice the bulge on the side of the turret which accommodates the cupola, and also the ladder on the side of the hull. Source: Panther External Appearance & Design Changes VK30.02(M) V2 on trials, likely at Kummersdorf. Notice the license plate held on with wire. Source: Panther External Appearance & Design Changes VK30.02(M) V2 on trials, likely at Kummersdorf. Notice the narrow rear of the Versuchs-Turm, the extensions of the armored fan covers which encompass the radiator filler ports, the single exhaust pipe, and the rear license plate hanging from the exhaust. Source: Panther External Appearance & Design Changes VK30.02(M) V2 on trials, likely at Kummersdorf. Source: Panther External Appearance & Design Changes View of the engine deck of the VK30.02(M) V2 with all cover panels removed. The large single fuel tank in the rear (nearest to the camera) would be changed on the production model, with the filler port being moved to the right and the section of tank on the left being deleted. Source: Panzer Tracts 5-1

On account of the 80 mm (3.15 inch) thick frontal armor demanded by Hitler, the V2 weighed 43 metric tons – 8 tons over the 35 ton weight limit for the VK30. It was powered by a 650 hp Maybach HL 210 engine, giving it a power-to-weight ratio of just 15.1 hp/ton. This figure was 25% worse than the initial VK30.02(M) design projected. On the positive side, trials showed that there was less stress on the rubber roadwheel tires than was expected, and less stress on the torsion bars as well (16kg/mm square actual versus 20-22kg/mm square expected).

VK30.02(M) V2 on trials, likely at Kummersdorf. Fonte

The Panzerkommission met for the 11th time on November 2nd and 3rd, either at the 2nd Panzer Regiment’s training field in Berka an der Werra, or the nearby city of Eisenach. The following week a wide variety of experimental vehicles were to be demonstrated at Berka an der Werra — the “rough terrain” outpost of Kummersdorf — for Albert Speer and personnel of Wa. Prüf. 6. The vehicles slated to be present at the demonstration included VK30.02(M) V2, VK30.01(D), a VK36.01(H), a Panzer II with a Zahnradfabrik Electric Transmission, a Panzer III with Ostketten, a Zugführerwagen 40 (Panzer III with Schachtellaufwerk overlapping suspension), the Zugführerwagen 41 (Panzer III with rubber-saving roadwheels), two Henschel Tigers, one with a Zahnradfabrik 12E-170 Electric Transmission, two Porsche Tigers, two Panzer IIIs and two armored cars with with flamethrower equipment, a T-34, and a KV-1. A number of half-tracks, trucks, and tractors were also involved in the display, namely four Sd.Kfz.3s, an Sd.Kfz.10, an Sd.Kfz.11, two Radschlepper Ost, a Raupenschlepper Ost, a French Latil, and an Opel Blitz 3,6-6700 A.

The supposed presence of a VK30.01(D) at this demonstration is the only evidence for a Daimler-Benz Panther ever being built to a degree where it would be operable. Sadly, there are no known photographs of the vehicle selection at this demonstration which would confirm many details about the lost history of the VK30.01(D).

On the first day of demonstrations, Albert Speer drove the VK30.02(M) V2 for one and a half hours. He was highly complimentary of the tank’s handling. The trials showed that the differential worked well in rough terrain and that the tank turned fine without having to rely on brake steering. At this time, the V2 was temporarily equipped with a controlled differential discontinuous regenerative steering unit. This would not be the same as the Einradienlenkgetriebe, and may in fact be the L 600 C. The delegation from M.A.N. present at the demonstration stated they were satisfied with the performance of their prototype.

On the 4th of December, the first Einradienlenkgetriebe delivered by Henschel was installed in the VK30.02(M) V1. The performance of this vehicle with the new steering mechanism was not recorded. This was the last use of the VK30.02(M) as a developmental platform, as the Panzerkampfwagen V went into production in January 1943.


17 thoughts on &ldquo Tiger Tales: Type 102 – the forgotten VK.45.01(P) &rdquo

So the Type 100 was Leopard, Type 101 was Tiger P as we call them, but what’s the Type 102? It’s hard to grasp what that conversion from Type 102 hull to Type 102 hull specification means without having a picture of said Type 102 in mind…

So basically both are Tiger P and both are VK 45.01 P.

Ohhh their naming scheme is confusing at times :)

Type 100 = VK 30.01 P (also called Leopard which is none of the Leopards on WoT of course)
Type 101 = VK 45.01 P = “Tiger P” in WoT terms
Type 102 = Type 101 ready to accept hydraulic transmission, later cancelled and to be converted back to Type 101 specs.

There are 2 Leopards as Porsche reused the name.
A Type 103 is as far as I can see any Tiger P fitted with the duel blower 101/2 engine and some engine deck rework.

Do you know which engine configuration the Ferdinands ended up with? I’ve heard reports of them overheating when climbing hills, so I’m wondering if the 101/2 didn’t get installed, or just wasn’t enough.

The Ferdinand got switched to the HL120 TRMs during production. However there was a water cooled Type 130 Porsche engine that had a bore of 130mm and stroke of 145mm (19.3L each V-10 x2) that was considered for the Ferdinand producing 400 hp at 2500 rpms but HL120 TRM Maybachs were used instead.

When producing the Ferdinands the hulls were basically gutted and rebuilt from the ground up. So there was really just the two engine options. Type 130 and HL120 TRM.

Nemo is a fkin genius. I’ve said it before when he researched historical modules for SPG’s, and I say it now, and I’ll say it till the day I die. CaptianNemo is awesome.

I am still working on a fixed version of the SPG list… Some of them have NO radios historically… just… signal flags…

Good research Capt’n. Keep it up.

Possible alternate hull for Tiger (P), or tier 6 premium heavy with L/56 and no add-on armor?

I got the impression it’s basically the exact same hull (minus the later applique armor ofc) just with different powertrain.

My bet is on the Tiger P getting the Type 100 hull with 100mm frontal and the elite version getting the 200mm command vehicle front

Nerfed turn-rate and acceleration to represent more drivetrain-loss and the lack of instant torque available with electric engines, possibly higher fire chance as well?

Of course, there are other, slightly more unique options for mid tier german premium heavies, like the VK6501(h) or captured KV’s.

There is a tank from the same time as the 6501 that is 80 tons instead of 65… But very little info on it.

The Tiger P in WoT IS the one of one Command-Tank which is supposed to have the Type 101/1(As designed as a Tiger P), 101/2(Last 43 built) and HL120 TRMs(As it went into combat) as its engines but WG is being stupid as usual.

A normal Tiger P could be used as an alternative hull. It seems likely this will happen… When it does, hopefully WG changes the engines out as well because Type 100 series engines on a Type 101 tank is a bit unhistorical.

It will be intersting to see how the Pz IV hydrastat performs in game.

There should be some of them appearing on the NA servers by the second week in April.


VK 30.01 (H)

Because of its weak and generally unsloped hull armor, this tank should be played as a sniper, preferably hull-down. Playstyle can be compared to Tiger, VK 30.02 (M) or Panther, and this tank will prepare you for future German tanks. Aside from the howitzer, there is really no reason to use anything but the Waffe as it outclasses all the other guns. However unlocking them all at tier 5 will make future grinds in the German line much easier. Because of the terrible hull armour and easily hit engine, it is essential that you learn to fight hulldown or sidescrape as much as possible. These tricks are essential throughout the entire German heavy line, and really any heavy tank in the game.

For players that favor close-ranged combat, the 10.5cm gun is a good option with its high damage output per shell. However you will have to deal with the cons of this vehicle in order to use this gun effectively. This gun can be used to good effect in urban environments with ranges limited from 50 to 100 meters. Just be sure to aim for the weak spots and have some support when reloading. Also, if you do use the howitzer, DO NOT FIRE AP AMMO! It is a waste of your time and money because with HE ammo, at least you can deal splash damage even if you do not penetrate. This tank also has the ability to at least give enemies pause before attacking. Due to the large number of guns, most enemies will stop to see what gun you are carrying. ("Does he have the howitzer or the Waffe?"). This may give you a chance to get the first shot off in an encounter.

Pesquisa Inicial

  • Upon purchasing this tank, you should immediately install the 7.5 cm KwK 40 L/43 (if researched from the Pz. IV)
  • If you haven't researched the 7.5 cm KwK 40 L/43 yet, research it for a major boost in firepower.
  • Now upgrade the suspension and turret.
  • Next you can decide between going for the Maybach HL 174 or the Waffe. If you really find the L/43 to be unacceptable, you can stop for the L/70 which is almost as good as the Waffe while being much cheaper to unlock.
  • Now research the choice on the line above that you didn't do.
  • If planning to go to the VK3601H next, you may want to leave the top engine. It only provides another 25 h.p. and will unlock for free upon researching the VK3601H.
  • Go from there.

Historical Info

VK 30.01 (H) is a further development of the Durchbruchswagen concept. The DW vehicles (DW1 and DW2) were – as their name in German suggests – attempts to create a breakthrough tank (in other words, essentially a heavy tank). On September 9, 1938, it was decided to continue with the DW 30 ton category development. On January 1, 1939, Krupp decided that the new vehicle should be equipped with a 75mm L/24 cannon, the crew should be equal to that of Panzer IV and the tank should have 50mm armor all around. On January 31, 1939, this new vehicle program was renamed to Panzerkampfwagen VI (7,5cm), but the new experimental designation for it was VK 30.01 (experimental/tracked vehicle, 30 tons, 1st prototype). At the same time, the old DW projects were renamed to VK 30.01 (Alte Konstruktion), while the new VK 30.01 was referred to as “Neue Konstruktion” (new design).

Design-wise, it was a classical German tank, with typical Henschel suspension that would eventually evolve into the Tiger suspension via VK 36.01. The roadwheels had torsion bar suspension.

3 prototypes were ordered. The hulls were made by Krupp in Essen and delivered to Henschel in Kassel for final assembly in 1940. Turrets were also ordered and Krupp was supposed to deliver them in 1940. However, these came later and most likely were never installed on any prototype machines. The three prototypes instead had a concrete cube installed instead of the turret to simulate the turret weight. The vehicles were equipped with 300hp Maybach HL116 engines and their maximum road speed was 35km/h.

On May 25, 1941, the first order for 8 0-series VK 30.01 (H) tanks was signed. Between October 1941 and January 1942, Henschel also recieved the 8 turrets from Krupp that were to be mounted on the 0-series vehicles. The first 0-series hull was delivered on August 8, 1941, and on November 15, 1941, the first 0-series VK 30.01 (H) (with a mounted turret) was tested in Sennelager. This first 0-series VK 30.01 (H) was by no means finished, however, (some components were missing) and it was sent back to Henschel. The last hull was delivered on November 10, 1941 and the last turret on January 21, 1942. Maybach also built 18 engines in total for the VK 30.01 between 1941 and 1943.

On January 30, 1942, based on the preliminary tests (which did not show the vehicle in a very positive light), it was decided to reduce the amount of the 0-series tanks being built to only 4 vehicles, which were built in March (2 vehicles) and October 1942 (another 2). These tanks were sent to training units and were used for crew training.

The armament (which was still the 75mm L/24, quite insufficient for the 1942 battlefield) was also discussed – Krupp proposed on October 7, 1941 the following options to the Waffenprüfamt 6:

- 75mm KwK L/34,6 (lengthened version of L/24) - 50mm KwK L/50 - 50mm KwK L/60 - 75mm Waffe 0725 (which WoT players will know as the 75mm Konisch on VK 36.01, but it was shown later that this could not be installed).

WaPA 6 responded in the sense that they would like the 75mm KwK 40 L/43 to be installed. Krupp replied that in order to do that, either the gun would have to be modified, or the turret would have to be bigger. In January 1942, the re-arm project was scrapped.

Two hulls were subsequently used to build the two 128mm tank destroyers “12,8cm Kanone 40 L/61 auf VK 30.01(H)”, known as “Sturer Emil”. Additional turrets that were already manufactured before the 0-series VK 30.01 (H) project was reduced were used for fixed emplacements in France (the Atlantic Wall).

The remaining machines were used for crew training and testing various equipment until the end of the war, when they were scrapped.


VK 36.01: Half a Step from the Tiger

Henschel's tank program looked somewhat comical in late 1941 and early 1942. The company was working on three heavy tanks at the same time. The lifeline of one of them, the VK 30.01(H), was just about to end, but work was still going on in December of 1941. The second tank being developed was the VK 45.01(H). Another tank, indexed VK 36.01, took the place between them in mass. The story of the first tank with a tapered bore gun that nearly went into production was far from simple.

Rapid weight loss

The VK 36.01 project appeared due to the «siege tank» program, approved by the Commander of the Land Forces, Major General Walther von Brauchitsch on November 24th, 1938. According to this concept, three tanks would be developed with the size and layout of the PzI, PzII, and PzIV. In the first case, the result was the PzI Ausf. F, in the second the PzII Ausf. J, and in the third, the VK 65.01. Initially, the VK 65.01 was indexed S.W. The 65 ton class tank would have 80 mm of armour. 75 mm and 105 mm guns (the latter would have a length of 20 calibers) were considered as weapons. A decision to install a 75 mm KwK L/24, the same gun as on the PzIV, was made in June of 1939.

The 25 caliber howitzer that was to be used as the A.W.'s main gun

A project for another even heavier tank appeared around the time that the VK 65.01's armament was limited to that of the PzIV. Little is known about it, but its size was clearly larger than the VK 65.01. The mass of the vehicle named A.W. (Artilleriewagen, artillery vehicle) would surpass 80 tons, and its armour would be 100 mm thick. The Henschel company would develop the A.W., with the contract for the turret going to Krupp.

A 105 mm main gun would be used. Initially, the designers picked between a 20 caliber howitzer and the 10.5 cm leFH 18 with a barrel length of 28 calibers. On October 20th, 1939, Krupp presented another option. The 105 mm 25 caliber howitzer was taken as the starting point. The turret that housed this gun would need a 1750 mm wide turret ring, and its full width would be 2270 mm. The mass of the turret was also impressive: 8.4 tons.

The reworked A.W. would receive a weapon with the ballistics of the 105 mm leFH 18 howitzer

The lifespan of this project was even shorter than that of the VK 65.01. Battles in France showed that the development of tanks that weighed more than 30 tons was pointless, since they would not be supported by existing river crossing equipment. The A.W. was the first victim of this new tank doctrine, adopted in early July of 1940.

However, the idea of arming a tank with a 105 mm howitzer remained. This weapon would allow tanks to combat more impressive fortifications than the 7.5 cm KwK L/24 could handle. Because of this, the A.W. did not die completely. On July 5th, Krupp received an order from the 6th Department of the Armament Directorate to develop a howitzer version of the VK 30.01.

The first variant was to receive a turret similar to the A.W.'s turret. The gun was replaced with an adapted 10.5 cm leFH 105. The front armour was thinned down to 80 mm, and the sides to 50 mm. The turret ring diameter was reduced to 1700 mm. In case the weight limit was still not met, the turret could be redesigned. Instead of typical Krupp style angled surfaces, the sides and rear of the turret would be rounded. Later, this layout would be used on the first variant of the VK 30.01(P), and then evolve into the Tiger's turret.

The second variant was for a howitzer version of the VK 30.01(H) turret. During the design process that started in the fall of 1940, this was the preferred variant. The reworked turret would also have 80 mm of armour in the front and 50 mm in the sides. The final choice of the converted turret (called D.W. Turm in correspondence) was made in January of 1941. The turret received a cast gun mantlet. Prior to this, Krupp strived to avoid casting when designing tank turrets.

The stamp on one of the first VK 36.01 blueprints, March 1941

In parallel with work on the turret, Henschel was redesigning the chassis. The front armour became 80 mm thick, and the floor was thickened to 25 mm. It was clear that a tank with these characteristics could not remain in this weight class, and the limit was lifted. The reworked chassis was named VK 36.01.

The increased strain forced a serious redesign of the chassis. Little remained from the VK 30.01(H). Even the hull, especially the rear, was changed. Amusingly, Heinrich Kniepkamp, who had a lot of influence on the development of the VK 36.01(H), kept trying to shoehorn elements from lighter vehicles into it. The chassis repeated the same metamorphosis as was seen on the VK 6.01 (later PzI Ausf. C) and then migrated to the PzI Ausf. F and PzII Ausf. J. Even the design of the evacuation hatches in the sides was borrowed from the light tanks. The same happened with the running gear. The 700 mm road wheels were discarded, and instead 800 mm road wheels were used. The number increased to 8 pairs per side. At the same time, return rollers were eliminated. The track links remained the same width as on the VK 30.01(H), but their pitch was reduced to 130 mm, and a second tooth was introduced on each track link.

A decision was made to increase the mobility of the new heavy tank. The 17.4 L V-12 450 hp Maybach HL 174 would be used. The transmission consisted of the 8-speed semiautomatic Maybach Olvar 40 12 16 and Henschel L 600 C turning mechanism. The tank's top speed was estimated at 50 kph, and the transmission was designed to suit it.

Heavy tank destroyer

Work on the chassis and turret of the VK 36.01 entered the active phase in the spring of 1941. At the time, Krupp and Henschel moved from working on the general concept to drawing blueprints. Krupp received an order for 4 hulls on March 6th. Two were due in January of 1942, and two in February. On May 5th, Krupp signed contract SS-006–4086/40 for four turrets. By then, Germany was working on four types of heavy tanks. In addition to the VK 30.01(H) and VK 36.01, Porsche was working on the VK 30.01(P) with more powerful armament. Work on the successor of the VK 65.01 also restarted by the spring of 1941. It is likely that this work formed the basis for the Soviet intelligence report on new German heavy tanks. The VK 36.01 matches the description of the «Type V», the VK 30.01 (P) is similar to the «Type VI», and the prospective VK 70.01 was the «Type VII». This information triggered work on the «big three»: the KV-3, KV-4, and KV-5. The KV-3 was envisioned as a temporary measure, and either the KV-4 or KV-5 would enter production in 1942. Until the end of 1941, the Soviet Union was ahead of Germany in heavy tank design.

One of the first sketches of the VK 36.01 equipped with the Waffe 0725 gun. The drawing is from a British report from 1947

The Germans likely did not know about the Soviet pre-war heavy tank design program. However, rumours definitely made their way to Berlin. One can assume that they triggered the change in requirements that Hitler approved at a meeting on May 26th, 1941. The thickness of the front armour was increased to 100 mm, and the sides to 60 mm. In addition, guns with anti-tank capability joined short barrelled weapons, with the former given priority.

The VK 30.01(P) was already designated to carry a gun with the ballistics of the 8.8 cm Flak 18, so penetration had to be increased further. However, this type of gun did not fit into the turret of the VK 36.01. The solution was the use of the Waffe 0725 with a tapered bore. The caliber at the breech was 75 mm, but 55 mm at the muzzle, which radically increased the muzzle velocity of the round. However, there was one caveat. Each shot from the Waffe 0725 cost one kilogram of tungsten. Germany had a very limited supply of this metal. Nevertheless, this gun was chosen as the VK 36.01's main armament.

Development of the 5th and 6th German heavy tank began on June 26th, 1941. The first was a response to the requirement to install a turret capable of carrying the 88 mm gun onto the VK 36.01 chassis. The second was an alteration of the VK 30.01(P) design.

The turret of the VK 36.01 was similar to the VK 30.01(H). Since a larger gun would be installed, the commander and his cupola were shifted to the left

On June 11th, 1941, the 6th Department told Krupp that they will have to change their turret once more. The overall configuration of the VK 30.01(H) was preserved. However, the size of the Waffe 0725 was such that the commander could no longer sit behind it. His station and his cupola were shirted to the left. The gunner and loader's hatches were also changed.

The gun mantlet was also changed. Its thickness, as the thickness of the turret front, remained at 80 mm. The thickness of the sides was increased to 60 mm as required. The Waffe 0725 had a coaxial MG 34 machinegun with the TZF 9b binocular sight. The thickness of the front armour was increased to 80 mm. The rear was 60 mm thick. The approximate mass was now 40 tons, but the top speed was still estimated to be 50 kph.

Odd one out

The mass production of the VK 36.01 was already under question in July of 1941. One of the issues with it was supplying the Waffe 0725 with ammunition. Hitler hardly yearned for a weapon that would consume all of Germany's tungsten. For this reason, only 6 VK 36.01 tanks and 8 Waffe 0725 guns would be built. Later, the numbers of hulls ordered from Krupp went up to 8. In October of 1941 the tank received a new name. In correspondence, it was referred to as the Pz.Kpfw.VI Ausf. B (VK 36.01). However, this index was rarely used.

The only experimental VK 36.01 chassis. The VK 13.01 chassis is nearby

The first hull of the VK 36.01 was completed in Essen in late 1941. Henschel was receiving more and more orders for other products. The company was one of the producers of the PzIII, Germany's main tank at the time. Heavy losses on the Eastern Front required increasing production. Because of this, the 6th Department ordered the reduction of the VK 36.01 batch to two vehicles. However, Krupp finished their job, having produced 8 hulls and 8 turrets. 2 Waffe 0725 guns were completed, but they were never installed in the turrets. Henschel also never finished the two chassis. According to documents, one chassis was finished in March of 1942, but the second was never finished, since the VK 45.01(H) had higher priority. This tank had a lot more potential, and its gun did not devour tungsten.

The Maybach HL 174 engine. This engine was used on the VK 36.01

A decision was made to convert the 5 VK 36.01 hulls into the VKz 35.01 ARVs. The vehicles were to be equipped with the Seilwinde 22/40 winch, which could carry up to 40 tons of mass. The Maybach HL 174 was replaced with the more powerful Maybach HL 210, so the ARV had the same engine as the VK 45.01(H). They were meant to work in tandem. The idea of building the VKz 35.01 stemmed from the VK 45.01. There was nothing that the Germans could evacuate a knocked out or bogged down tank with. The Sd.Kfz.9, Germany's main tank recovery vehicle, could only handle tanks that weighed about 20 tons.

The contract for conversion of the five VK 36.01 hulls into the VKz 35.01 was given to FAMO, the company that built the Sd.Kfz.9. However, not a single vehicle was ever built.

VK 36.01 chassis on trials

Another unfinished idea for the project was the replacement of armament. The 8.8 cm KwK 36 L/56 and the 7.5 cm KwK 42 (one of the names for the Waffe 0725) were not the only guns that were designed in the first half of 1941. Rheinmetall-Borsig began working on another 75 mm gun on Hitler's orders. The first prototype had a barrel length of 60 calibers and could penetrate a 100 mm plate at 60 degrees from 1400 meters. In February of 1942, a 70 caliber version with even higher penetration was developed.

At the same time, Rheinmetall-Borsig designed a turret was that similar to the one that Krupp designed for the VK 36.01. This turret was meant to be installed into the VK 45.01(H). The idea to install this turret on the VK 36.01 (the letter used another index, VK 35.01) appeared in June of 1942. This vehicle would be called VK 35.02. However, this project did not live for long, only to mid-July of 1942. The idea of using the 75 mm gun in the VK 45.01 was rejected, and Rheinmetall-Borsig was about half a year too late to save the VK 36.01.

Albert Speer (driver's station) and Ferdinand Porsche (wearing a cap) during trials of the VK 36.01, November 1942

However, the VK 36.01 was not a waste of time. The vehicle was actively used by Maybach during the development of the VK 45.01 transmission. Both tanks used the same gearbox.

In addition, the VK 36.01 took part in various trials as a part of the development of Tiger tanks. The most famous one is the trials that were held on November 8-14th, 1942, in Bad Berka. Here, the vehicle was driven by Albert Speer himself several times. The VK 36.01 was tested not only without a turret, but without a dummy weight. As a result, the tank was not only lighter than its heavy cousins, but the DB and MAN VK 30.02 tanks. The VK 36.01 turned out to be the fastest. This lead was lost during off-road trials, where it lost to the VK 45.01 and the VK 30.02. In addition, the tank broke down. The trials decided nothing, since the VK 36.01's fate was already sealed.

VK 36.01 turrets remained at Krupp's warehouse

The last events the VK 36.01 took part in took place in 1944. 8 turrets remained in Krupp's possession in various stages of completion. The idea to convert them info fortifications came up back in November of 1942. The turrets would finally receive their armament and use ammunition from the 7.5 cm Pak 41. The hydraulic traverse mechanism, gunner's seat, and loader's seat were removed.

However, there was an issue. Some equipment was destroyed in March of 1943 during the bombing of Krupp factories by the British. This bombing buried the project. Damage after the July 25th, 1943, raid was so heavy that the turrets were abandoned. The idea returned in May of 1944. Krupp received orders to convert 6 turrets, but did not even begin to carry them out until the end of the war. In the spring of 1945, the turrets were captured by the Allies.

Translated by Peter Samsonov. Read more interesting tank articles on his blog Tank Archives.


VK 36.01 (H)

The VK 36.01 (H) is a true heavy tank with good armor, very high HP, and very accurate guns. The 7,5/5,5 cm Waffe 0725 used to be the best gun choice but there's once again a choice to make over it and the 8.8 since the changes to it. The Waffe provides good penetration, high RoF, and accuracy making the tank a highly effective sniper. The mediocre alpha of 135 can be problematic as you're forced to expose yourself more often to keep the damage going. The 8.8 cm KwK 36 L/56 hits much harder while still having decent accuracy and RoF, but suffers from low penetration. While using this gun you will likely have to get a bit closer to take advantage of weak spots, and will very likely need APCR rounds on hand when against tier 8 tanks.

The VK 36.01 (H) has very good armor for its tier this tank is capable of fighting more as a straight-up tank and feels more like a tank ready for production than a prototype. It can get into slug matches against lower tier opponents, it can support, it can snipe, it can do peek-a-boo from around corners, anything you want.

The VK 36.01 (H) doesn't have the best maneuverability and horrible turret traverse. While its top speed is only slightly slower than most medium tanks of its tier, its traverse speed is abysmal. The 8.8 engine changes have also given the tank sluggish acceleration, and simply cannot dream of reaching its top speed unless going downhill. This makes the VK 36.01 (H) much better suited to frontal attacks and slug matches. It follows the German doctrine of long range firepower, so one way to counter this tank is to isolate it and then engage it close up with multiple opponents. When the situation calls for it or when you see an opening in the enemy's defenses, take advantage of this opening and harass the enemy from the rear. This tactic is useful in the mid-late game, and has the advantage of surprise, as the enemy team will most likely not expect a "slow and lumbering pseudo-Tiger" to execute a flanking attack.

Pesquisa Inicial

  • If you came from the VK 30.01 (H) you should have all the guns already unlocked except for the 8.8 cm KwK 36 L/56, and the Waffe can be used on the stock turret.
  • Research the Waffe gun if you don't have it. If you really can't stand the 105, you can stop for the 7,5 cm KwK 42 L/70 first as it costs less than half the XP.
  • Everything can be mounted on the stock suspension, so it can be researched at any point.
  • Research the turret and engine in whichever order you prefer. The turret will add a whopping 190 HP to the tank, while the engine will help with the sluggish mobility.
  • You can skip the 7,5 cm KwK 42 L/70 entirely if you got the Waffe first as it gets researched for free upon unlocking the Tiger.
  • Go from there.

Historical Info

Only four VK 30.01 (H) prototypes were produced, two in March 1941 and two in October 1941. All were completed in 1942 by Henschel. In early 1942, one prototype VK 36.01 (H) was built, along with 5 prototype chassis. Originally, it was planned to mount the VK 30.01 (H) with a turret armed with the 75mm L/24 or 105mm L/28 gun, but none of the prototypes were actually fitted with turrets. The VK 36.01 (H) was to be armed with the 75mm KwK 42 L/70 (Gerat 725), the 88mm KwK 36 L/56 (mounted in the VK 45.01 (P)'s turret), or the 105mm L/20 or L/28 gun. But just as with the VK 30.01 (H), it was never armed with any weapon.

Both designs were completed as prototypes, but their further development was cancelled in 1942 in favor of the development of the VK 45.01 (P) that later became the Tiger 1. Turrets produced for both designs were never mounted and instead, in 1944, six VK 30.01 (H) turrets were used in permanent fortifications: Panzerstellung/Turmstellungs of the Atlantic and West Wall. Their running gear was later modified and used as a base for the Tiger and Panther's running gear.

In March 1941, two VK 30.01 (H)s were ready and from August 1941 to March 1942, were converted into 128mm Pak 40 L/61 gun carriers, the Selbstfahrlafette 12.8cm. Another two prototypes completed in October 1941 remained in Henschel's factory in Haustenbek and were used as recovery, training, and test vehicles. The VK 36.01 (H) prototypes were used as recovery and towing vehicles. The VK 30.01 (H) and VK 36.01 (H)'s design led to the subsequent development of Henschel's Tiger I.


Modules

Turrets

Engines

Suspensions

Rádios

Compatible Equipment

Compatible Consumables

Player Opinion

Pros and Cons

  • Rather high DPM and decent gun handling
  • Once fully upgraded, has decent mobility and maneuverability for its class
  • Rather compact hull size and good gun depression, can hull down
  • Wide gun mantlet with the Krupp Turm turret is thick enough to fend off most regular shells in tier
  • 3rd highest HP of all Tier 6 heavy tanks
  • Unsloped armour with mediocre thickness everywhere besides the mantlet, offers no real protection
  • Poor penetration for a Tier 6 heavy
  • One of the worst stock grinds: extremely sluggish due to underpowered engine, lousy gun and weak turret with huge cupola

Atuação

Stock, the VK 30.01 (P) comes with the same 75 mm gun as the Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. H, the penetration of which is unfortunately woefully inadequate at tier VI. The stock engine meanwhile provides the maneuverability of a superheavy tank. While this may provide an early taste of what the Maus has to offer, the incredibly weak engine is a severe handicap, even for a heavy tank.

Fully upgraded, the VK 30.01 (P) is a workable support tank with good top speed. You can and should flank with it when you can, but this tank is let down by sluggish turret traverse, and it tends to take a while to accelerate to its top speed (lowered from 60 to 45 in 1.9). It can also be an effective sniper, as it can make use its thick gun mantlet, making hull-down tactics somewhat effective. When done properly, poorly aimed shells may penetrate only the gun mantlet, but not the actual turret. As always, a lot depends on the matchmaker (i.e. the tier of tanks you are up against). Its decent power to weight ratio (with the upgraded engines) and relatively high top speed allow it to get to and stay at the front lines, but it's no longer able to exploit gaps or rush to help in an emergency nearly as well as it used to.

Pesquisa Inicial

  • o FuG 12 radio carries over from the Pz. IV H and should be installed immediately. o 10,5 cm Kw.K. L/28 also carries over, but is locked behind the second turret.
  • First, research the 2x Porsche Typ 100/1 engine for a much-needed increase in horsepower.
  • Next, research the 8,8 cm Kw.K. 36 L/56 gun for a great boost to firepower.
  • Research the Vk 30.01 (P) verstärkteketten suspension and the Vk 30.01 (P) Krupp Turm turret for improved survivability.
  • Research the 2x Porsche Typ 100/3 for another small boost to horsepower.
  • Finally, research the 7,5 cm Kw.K. 42 L/70.

Suggested Equipment

Galeria

Historical Info

In 1937, along with Henschel, Porsche was given the task of build the medium tank that would replace Panzerkampfwagen IV. Its design was supposed to be capable of being armed with 75mm L/24 or even if possible 105mm L/28 gun and one 7.92mm MG34 for local defence. VK3001(P) was Porsche's first design since 1927's Grosstraktor I and its drawings were finished by September 5th of 1939 by Porsche's Chief Engineer Karl Rabe.

Prototypes were supposed to be fitted with turrets manufactured by Krupp. Porsche considered arming the vehicle with 105mm KwK L/47, 105mm KwK L/52 gun and finally with 88mm KwK 36 L/56 gun (developed from 88mm Flak 36 gun). Six turrets armed with 88mm guns were ordered in April of 1941, but none were produced. Leopard's turret was similar in appearance to that used on Tiger(P) and Tiger. Porsche planned to power VK3001(P) with gasoline-electric power/drive system (two air-cooled Porsche Typ 100 engines by Steyr and electric transmission). Only one or two turretless prototypes were completed by Nibelungenwerke in St.Valentin, Austria in late (October) 1941, out of 3 hulls originally ordered. Although many problems were encountered with its advanced power and drive system, prototype(s) performed well. During tests prototype(s) reached maximum speed of 60km/h but its fuel consumption was 170 liters per 100 kilometers. In order to solve the engine problems, Porsche designed diesel engine (Porsche Typ 200) but it was never produced.

VK3001(P) program was abandoned and two prototypes were used extensively in the development of VK4501(P) - Porsche's Tiger, which started in July of 1941. In order to transport VK3001(P) tank, Porsche designed special tank transporter (Panzertransporter Porsche 142), but this project was also abandoned. Tests continued until May of 1942, but VK3001(P) never went into production just like VK3001(H) and VK3601(H).